Friday, March 18, 2016

In its entirety from the media




Russian airstrikes were concentrated in areas
held by rebels who are not affiliated with
the Islamic State and who often clash with it.

Circles show known locations of Russian
airstrikes from September 2015 to March 2016.

TURKEY
Qamishli
Kobani
Hasaka
Manbij
58 strikes
ISIS
CONTROL
25
Aleppo
Raqqa
Idlib
REBEL
CONTROL
Latakia
3
Deir al-Zour
SYRIA
Tartus
Homs
Abu Kamal
LEBANON
Sparsely
populated areas
IRAQ
Damascus
Nawa
Sweida
JORDAN
The New York Times|Source: IHS Conflict Monitor

Russia struck ISIS targets, but mostly in areas
where the group threatened the Syrian government.

It helped the government break a siege at an airbase near
Aleppo, and attacked targets near Palmyra and Deir al-Zour.

TURKEY
Qamishli
Kobani
Hasaka
Manbij
ISIS
CONTROL
Aleppo
Raqqa
Idlib
Latakia
Deir al-Zour
GOVERNMENT
CONTROL
SYRIA
Tartus
Homs
Palmyra
Abu Kamal
LEBANON
IRAQ
Damascus
Nawa
Sweida
JORDAN
The New York Times|Source: IHS Conflict Monitor

Russia helped pro-government forces push back rebels
and consolidate territory in key parts of the country.

Russian targets ranged from the Qaeda-linked Nusra Front to
relatively secular groups made up mainly of army defectors and backed
by the United States, with a spectrum of Islamist groups in between.
Darker areas indicate territorial gains
from September 2015 to March 2016.

TURKEY
Qamishli
Kobani
Hasaka
Manbij
Aleppo
Raqqa
Idlib
Euphrates River
REBEL
CONTROL
Latakia
Deir al-Zour
GOVERNMENT
GAINS
GOVERNMENT
CONTROL
Tartus
SYRIA
Homs
Palmyra
Abu Kamal
LEBANON
Sparsely
populated areas
IRAQ
Damascus
Nawa
Sweida
JORDAN
The New York Times|Source: IHS Conflict Monitor

Russia was accused by human rights
groups of killing civilians and bombing
civilian infrastructure indiscriminately.

Schools and hospitals were regularly hit, in what opposition
groups considered a deliberate effort to drive away people
who were not likely to reconcile with the government.
Workers and residents try to rescue a man after a reported airstrike in a rebel-held area of Aleppo on March 11, 2016. Thaer Mohammed/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Russia played an essential role in negotiating a
cease-fire that is working better than expected.

A Red Crescent aid convoy reached a rebel-held suburb near Damascus on Feb. 23, 2016.Amer AlmohibanyAgence France-Presse -- Getty Images

It is unclear whether Kurdish forces coordinated
with Russia, but Kurdish-controlled territory
expanded considerably during Russia’s air campaign.

Russia supports Kurdish aspirations for a federal system and
is pushing for the Kurds to be treated as part of the opposition.
But other opposition groups view Kurds with suspicion.

TURKEY
Qamishli
Kobani
Hasaka
Manbij
KURDISH
CONTROL
KURDISH
GAINS
Aleppo
Raqqa
Idlib
Latakia
Deir al-Zour
Tartus
Homs
SYRIA
Palmyra
Abu Kamal
LEBANON
IRAQ
Damascus
Nawa
Sweida
JORDAN
The New York Times|Source: IHS Conflict Monitor

Russia’s withdrawal puts the military onus
back on the Syrian government and could
pressure it to heed Russia’s demand that it
negotiate with at least some opposition groups.


Info on Tap

Muqtada al-Sadr organized a sit-in that will take place March 18 near Baghdad's Green Zone, the objective end government corruption and replace members of Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi's Cabinet with technocrat ministers.