Israel and Iran both pride themselves on being democracies, but they are imperfect democracies at best, Iran seems clearly a theocracy with democratic trappings, while Israel has modeled itself on Western democracies since its inception, but the increasing rise of ultra-Orthodoxy coupled with the takeover by settlerism of the levers of political power, have transformed Israel into an incipient theocracy.
Both the Israeli Defense Forces and the Iran Revolutionary Guard Corps play central roles in society. In Iran’s case, the IRGC is more than just a military force; it’s got its tentacles in commerce, banking and other revenue-producing fields. In Israel’s case, the IDF is the heart and soul of the nation: Everyone serves (except Haredim and “Arabs”), and serving in elite units offers benefits in terms of social and employment status.
Iran has not attacked one of its neighbors in nearly 300 years, while Israel has launched countless wars and military operations against frontline states.