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The foundation for the country of Iraq began after the First World War when the allies were carving up the Middle East for their own interests.
French diplomat Francois Georges-Picot and Briton Sir Mark Sykes began partitioning the former Ottoman Empire into spheres of influence, but Iraq was really born at the Cairo Conference of 1921, it was here that T.E. Lawrence — Lawrence of Arabia, the great British hero of the First World War who had marshaled the Arabs into a fighting force
Fulfilling a promise to give his former Arab allies a country of their own, the conference approved a plan, worked out by Lawrence and Winston Churchill, who was in charge of the Colonial Office, to give the Arabs part of Palestine (Jordan) and Mesopotamia (Iraq).
The Taliban ambushed an Afghan military convoy in the once-peaceful northern province of Sar-i-Pul today, killing more than 20 security personnel and capturing a handful more.