Khamenei, who deeply mistrusts the United States and has the final word on any deal, now believes Iran can withstand the economic consequences of any new sanctions should diplomacy fail.
Khamenei has been laying the groundwork to walk away from any deal by warning that the West is untrustworthy and will not deliver on its promises — the same reasons he gave for walking away from the earlier nuclear deals.
As the West’s economic leverage against Iran has lessened, Japan freed up $1 billion in Iranian assets. Earlier this week, it was reported that Germany and the Czech Republic were expanding their business ties with Iran
The addition of an electro-optical (EO) seeker to the tip of Fateh-110's noses is a major technological breakthrough for Iranian defense industry. Iran now has an effective way to acquire and track over-the-horizon targets, enabling the missile's guidance system to be programmed and then updated during flight to find its target.
Tehran is quietly fielding increasingly lethal symmetric and asymmetric weapon systems, including more advanced naval mines, small butcapable submarines, coastal defense cruise missile batteries, attack craft, and anti-ship ballistic missiles
Vice Admiral James Syring, the director of U.S. Missile Defense Agency, in a congressional hearing in June said
"This ballistic missile Khalij Fars has a range of 300 km, which means it is capable of threatening maritime activity throughout the Persian Gulf and Strait of Hormuz,"
In 2011, Iranian media reported that Khalij Fars was going to be mass produces. Last March, MODAFL (Iran's Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics) held a public ceremony to deliver the missiles to military's operational units.
Any comprehensive plan for airstrikes or other attacks on the Islamic State must get at least some nod from Baghdad, and that means Iran always is in the wings.